Driving Change: The Interplay of Science and Revolutions in Modern History
Keywords: democracy, revolution, French revolution, Russian revolution, Chinese revolution, American revolution, Arab Spring
AbstractSocial revolutions accompanied by an overthrow of regimes are often hard to attribute to a single causal force. It has been argued that scientific thinking has a role to play in pushing a society towards democratic values. However, promotion of scientific research is itself heavily dependent on the policies and preferences of the powerful classes in any particular era. This essay looks at the role Science played during some of the major political revolutions after the 17th century, and also asseses the impact they had on the history of science.
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